Technology transfer tt is the process of sharing of skills, knowledge, technologies, methods of manufacturing, samples of manufacturing and facilities among governments and other institutions. Origins, developments and future directions mohammad chuttur indiana university, usa abstract user acceptance of technology has been an important field of study for over two decades now. Technology transfer issues and a new technology transfer. Technology transfer issues and a new technology transfer model 49. As technology and ip rights become increasingly important, more and more companies across the globe conclude transactions to transfer technology among business entities. Forms and model agreements technology transfer office. The international technology transfer itt projects involve the crossborder transfer of technology to develop the local technology capabilities. Barriers to technology transfer technology developersowners not necessarily good commercialisersmarketers bodies needing technology may not have the capacity to search and negotiate or even absorbadapt the technology firms are ignorant about the consequences of the effects firms are reluctant to change. It demands close cooperation and collaboration between industry and academia throughout the entire research process.
Technology transfer involves the implementation of scientific or technological information in a. A model for technology transfer in practice technology transfer, and thus industryrelevant research, involvesmore than merely producing research results and delivering them in publications and technical reports. B the adaptation stage the first step in this stage is the formulation of a technology transfer project or process. Technology transfer includes a range of formal and informal cooperations between laboratories and the public and private sectors. Models and methods of university technology transfer.
Thus, dcm covers nonlinear interactionsat least partially. The flygt ntechnology pump series for water and wastewater. Technology transfer technology transfer is the process by which a developer of technology makes its technology available to a commercial partner that will exploit the technology. Technology transfer has been a subject of considerable. The attc network provides a range of activities including product development, training, coaching and technical assistance, marketing, and systems change initiatives. An introduction catherine innes catherine innes is director of the office of technology development at the university of north carolina at chapel hill. However, since 2009 different models are beginning to emerge.
The process of transfer of new discoveries and innovations resulting from scientific research conducted at nonprofit research institutions or government laboratories to the commercial sectors. Models and methods of university technology transfer samantha r. Aug 17, 20 the choice of a technology transfer method should be based on technology analysis, future strategy of cooperation with a companys supplier, investment resources and technical capacities of the company to implement the technology. Trickle impregnated in resin class h insulation, the stator windings are rated at 180c 355f and enable. Technology transfer tt is a way of obtaining advanced techniques to enhance a countrys technological development. A transfer model for increase of competitiveness return of invest in scientific infrastructures is hard to measure e. In particular, a welldeveloped model of technology transfer could be used as a framework for facilitating a technology transfer process. The capacity transfer model emphasizes the transfer of knowledge, which provides recipients with the capability to design and produce a new technology on their own. When choosing a transfer method, it is necessary to understand that the more complex is the technology, the. This section presents various thoughtprovoking perspectives on how technology transfer offices are structured to meet differing objectives and environments. Models of technology transfer and innovation models of technology transfer and innovation the session will focus on different models of innovation, the pros and cons of. Implementing a technology transfer project that could help address some of the important process management problems faced by managers of technology transfer projects and avoid common errors that they tend to make. The traditional model of the technology transfer process in figure 1 is illustrated as a linear model, and it begins with the process of discovery by a university scientist siegel et al.
Technology transfer model archives advanced diamond. Technology transfer remains part science and part art, requiring to select an operating mode which works, the laboratory, and the clientele. A technology valuation model to support technology. The term scientist is used as a descriptor for a university researcher. The model order is equal to the order of the denominator polynomial. Although many models have been proposed to explain and predict the use of a system. Many companies, universities and governmental organizations now have an office of technology transfer tto, also known as tech transfer or techxfer dedicated to identifying research which has potential commercial interest and strategies for how to exploit it.
The annex table on technology transfer provisions in multilateral environment agreements was provided by charles ardenclarke. Technology transfer handbook heriotwatt university. Jul 03, 20 models of technology transfer and innovation models of technology transfer and innovation the session will focus on different models of innovation, the pros and cons of each model, both from a. Introduction transfer of innovations is affected by numerous barriers understood as a. Transfer of technology held in geneva from 27 to 29 june 2001. Technology transfer is more than simply understanding. Technology transfer icc international chamber of commerce. There are many popular models of technology transfer. For many years, the way in which the universities set up their technology transfer offices ttos and their tech transfer activities was very similar if not the same.
The central and eastern europe experience warsaw school of economics center of international production cooperation, al. The technology transfer office assists in implementing nondisclosure agreements, cradas, and patent license agreements. The traditional model of the technology transfer process in. Finding suitable indicators for transfer organizations is still an open issue. Technology transfer is a multilevel process of communication involving a variety of senders and receivers of ideas and materials. This model contract covers the situation where a manufacturer licenses a package of information and industrial property rights to a licensee company. These models deliver unprecedented pumping power reliably and efficiently. Mechanism of technology transfer and its effectiveness if we continue to develop our technology without wisdom or prudence, our servant may prove to be our executioner. Pdf technology transfer introduction, facts and models. During the forum, adt participated in a panel discussion that highlighted a technology transfer model piloted by adts founders.
Technology transfer involves the implementation of scientific or technological information in a context different from that for which it was developed. Technology, technology components, technology transfer. Factors that have facilitated international technology transfer include. This paper addresses various issues relating to technology and transfer of technology such as technology and society, technology and science, channels and models of technology transfer, the role of multinational companies in transfer of technology, etc. The main benefit of the model in practical levels can be explained in a way that it allows framework for evaluating the impact of each individual input factor in training and identify and utilise the potentials for improving the impact of elements. Perspectives on innovation have evolved over time, with a shift from a linear to a systems conceptual framework.
It would have been trcore economical and technology transfer model teclusoletical forecasting and social chaagc 2 1971, 313. The main point is the vital technologies and the flow of conceptual knowledge must be parallel the flow of hard technology in the transfer process. These models were developed and used to make technology transfer successful. Models of technology transfer and innovation youtube. A successful transfer of technology, however, might not be. Technology transfer is an important component of the overall innovation process.
As a response to market failure, or as an effort to accelerate marketdriven social change, technology transfer may combine public and private aparatus or rely solely on public institutional mechanisms to identify, develop, and deliver innovations and. Successful transfer proceeds in a certain sequence of activities, with evaluation and information feedback at each of 4 decision stages. Technology transfer tt is the process of sharing of skills, knowledge, technologies, methods of manufacturing, samples of manufacturing and facilities among governments and other institutions most of the indian companies buy the updated technology from advanced countries as japan, uk, germany. Technology transfer is the process by which basic science research and fundamental discoveries are developed into practical and commercially relevant applications and products. Mar 16, 2014 the transfer of training model has made a valuable contribution on the study of training transfer. The office also negotiates interinstitutional agreements to facilitate technology transfer in the case where patents are jointly owned. The paper commences with an overview of technology transfer and some important existing models of technology transfer. Pdf models and methods of university technology transfer. Panel one larry gold brad hattenbach monisha merchant sarah pritchard moderator. The transfer of training model has made a valuable contribution on the study of training transfer. Mechanism of technology transfer and its effectiveness. These factors are believed to influence the transfer process effectiveness. Attc network model of technology transfer in the innovation process the figure above places the work of samhsas attc network within the conceptual model.
As a response to market failure, or as an effort to accelerate marketdriven social change, technology transfer may combine public and private aparatus or rely solely on public institutional mechanisms to identify, develop, and deliver innovations and information. The degree to which each of the technology transfer methods is significant and rated depends on such factors as the nature of technology in use and the capacity and ability of the country receiving technology fo r learning and attracting technical and technologicknowledge hodavand, 2006. The model is a relocationabsorption paradigm because the transfer process is differentiated into two general stages 2 1 technology relocation 2 technology absorption. Attc network model of technology transfer in the innovation. Transfer of technology and knowledge sharing for development science, technology and innovation issues for developing countries united nations conference on trade and development transfer of t echnology and knowledge sharing for developmen t unctad cu r r e n t st u d i e s o n sc i e n c e, te c h n o l o g y a n d in n o v at i o n. Oct 23, 2014 panel one larry gold brad hattenbach monisha merchant sarah pritchard moderator.608 1113 752 1293 705 748 1518 1469 446 920 459 1254 1484 369 1373 1073 621 1558 1214 197 575 648 1339 371 357 701 324 668 519 774 292 26 1420 726 1028 43 15 1061 1035 995 127 282 184 121 880 613 631 1374 1321